Social and Cultural Changes in the European Arctic

This factsheet has been drafted as a basis for consultations with stakeholders within the EU Arctic Impact Assessment. The final report will be available in Spring 2014, and will constitute an outcome of developing the content of this factsheet partly in the light of input from stakeholders.

Arctic societies – both indigenous and non-indigenous inhabitants – are considered to be highly resilient and adaptive, yet today's rate and magnitude of change challenges adaptive capacity. Change is driven by globalisation and world markets, increased accessibility, government policies, cultural change and recognition of indigenous peoples' rights.

This factsheet highlights five trends in social and cultural change:

  • Demographic shifts and urbanization
  • Changes in livelihoods and lifestyles
  • Economic dependence on primary sector and public transfers
  • Increasing role of education and research
  • Empowerment and increasing complexity of governance


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Other factsheets:

climate change factsheet maritime factsheet fishing factsheet oil and gas factsheet land pressures final mining factsheets socio culture factsheet

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