Maps and Graphics from the SADA report

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Map of GreenlandMap of Greenland

Map of Greenland (p.iv)

Source: Arctic Portal, 2014,


Map of Fennoscandia (p.v)Map of Fennoscandia (p.v)

Map of Fennoscandia (p.v)

Source: Arctic Portal, 2014,


Figure 1.1Figure 1.1

Figure 1.1: European Arctic as Defined in the Strategic Assessment of Development of the Arctic.

Source: Arctic Portal, 2014.


Figure 1.2Figure 1.2

Figure 1.2: Strategic Assessment of Development of the Arctic Process.


Figure 3.3Figure 3.3

Figure 3.3: Arctic Sea-Ice Extent, September 2012, and Median September Sea-Ice Extent, 1981-2010.

Note: Sea-ice extent on 16 September 2012 is shown in blue (all-time minimum). The extent was larger in 2013 (the smallest sea-ice extent occurs annually in mid-September). Median September extent for 1981-2010 is shown with an orange contour.

Source: Arctic Portal, based on data from US National Snow and Ice Data Center, 2013.


Figure 3.6Figure 3.6

Figure 3.6: EU-28 Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Sector, 1990-2012.

Note: Data in thousands tonnes CO2 equivalent. The data does not include land use, land use change and forestry, which for the EU constitute negative emissions(-304 mln t).

Source: European Environment Agency 2014; Arctic Portal.


Figure 4.1Figure 4.1

Figure 4.1: Arctic Maritime Transport Routes.

Source: G. Sander/A. Skoglund, Norwegian Polar Institute, 2014.


Figure 4.2Figure 4.2

Figure 4.2: Total Annual Cargo Volumes on the Northern Sea Route. Data include intra, destinational and transit traffic.

Source: NSR Information Centre, 2013.


Figure 4.3Figure 4.3

Figure 4.3: Cruise Tourism in Some Arctic Areas by Number of Passangers.

Source: Association of Arctic Expedition Cruise Operators based on data from the Governor in Svalbard, Visit Greenland, National Park Russian Arctic and NORREG.


Figure 4.4Figure 4.4

Figure 4.4: Trends and Shaping Factors for Arctic Shipping.



Figure 4.5: Average Monthly Arctic Sea-Ice Extent in September and March, 1979-2013.

Source: National Snow and Ice Data Centre.


Figure 4.7Figure 4.7

Figure 4.7: Distance Savings for Voyages along the Northeast Passage Compared with the Suez Canal.

Source: Arctic Portal, based on DNV GL.


Figure 5.1Figure 5.1

Figure 5.1: Arctic Characterisation: High, Low and Sub-Arctic and Ocean Currents.

Sources: Arctic Portal: Based on Arctic Human Development Report; AMAP Assessment: Arctic Ocean Acidification, 2013.


Figure 5.2Figure 5.2

Figure 5.2: Large Marine Ecosystems - Catch Abundance.

Source: Arctic Portal 2014.


Figure 5.4Figure 5.4

Figure 5.4: North East Atlantic Fisheries Commission Convention (Convention on Future Multilateral Cooperation in Northeast Atlantic Fisheries)(dark blue) and Regulatory Area (orange, international waters beyond EEZs).

Source: NEAFC, and Arctic Portal,


Figure 6.1Figure 6.1

Figure 6.1: Main Oil and Gas Areas, Mining Sites and Sea-Ice Extent in the Arctic.

Source: Arctic Portal, based on Nordregio; Johanna Roto and José Sterling, 2011,


Figure 9.2Figure 9.2

Figure 9.2: Arctic Population: Indegenous and Non-Indigenous.

Note: The Arctic Human Development Report (AHDR)(2004) estimated that there are four million people living in the Arctic, of whom 10% are indigenous, e.g. Inuit, Sámi and Nenets. 1.3 million people live in the Arctic regions of the Nordic countries (including Greenland. According to the ADHR boundary: the three northernmost counties of Norway, Norrbotten county in Sweden, Lappi (Lapland) in Finland, whole territory of Iceland, the Faroe Islands and Greenland). The Barents region (which extends south of the ADHR boundary) has a population of six million. Arctic areas in Russia, according to AHDR (2004) include: the Murmansk Oblast, the Nenets, Yamalo-Nenets, Taimyr, and Chukotka autonomus okrugs, Vorkuta City in the Komi Republic, Norilsk and Igarka in Krasnoyarsky Kray, and those parts of the Sakha Republic whose boundaries lie closest to the Arctic Circle.

Source: Arctic Portal and Arctic Centre, 2014, based on data from: Statistics Sweden 2011, Tilastokeskus 2013, Statistics Norway 2013 and Sami Statistics 2014 (Statistic Norway), Statistics Iceland 2012, Faroe Statistics 2013, Statistics Greenland 2013 (for Greenland indigenous number refers to persons born in Greenland), Barents Euro-Arctic Council, US Census 2010, (Russian) Federal State Statistics Service 2013-2014, Census (Russian Federation) 2010, Statistics Canada 2006-2011, US Census Bureau 2010, Statistics Alaska 2012, Arctic Centre, University of Lapland estimates (data based on estimates with disrepancies between available sources). Numbers for Sakha Republic (municipalities on or above the Arctic Circle) based on estimates only. All numbers, although based on statistics, are illustrative, estimate and approximate, often due to difficulty of specifying exact number of indegenous peoples living in the particular region.


Figure 9.5Figure 9.5

Figure 9.5: EU Northern Periphery and Arctic Programme Area 2014-2020.

Source: Arctic Portal, based on Northern Periphery Programme and Nordregio 2013.



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